Decolonization: Dutch Territories
Johannes van Aggelen
- Colonization / Decolonization — Act of state
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1When Japan occupied the Netherlands East Indies in March 1942, the territory had been a Dutch colony for more than three centuries (Colonialism). In the spirit of the Atlantic Charter (1941), Queen Wilhelmina, then in exile in London, launched a plan for a post-war commonwealth of the Netherlands, Indonesia, Suriname, and the Netherlands Antilles. At the Potsdam Conference (1945) the Anglo-American chiefs of staff agreed to transfer jurisdiction over the Netherlands East Indies to the South-East Asia Command under Lord Mountbatten. On August 1945 he became...