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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Life, Right to, International Protection

Niels Petersen

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 04 August 2020

Subject(s):
Capital punishment — Disappearances — Children, rights

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The right to life is often claimed to be the most important of all human rights because life is the precondition for the exercise of any other right. It is enshrined in Art. 3 Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) (‘UDHR’) and in all major general human rights conventions. Art. 6 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966) (‘ICCPR’) attributes to ‘every human being … the inherent right to life’. Similar provisions can be found in Art. 2 European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950) (‘ECHR’), Art. 4...
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