1 It is one of the purposes of the United Nations (UN) to ‘achieve international co-operation … in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion’ (Art. 1 (3); United Nations Charter). Although at the 1945 founding conference in San Francisco some Latin American countries had requested that a complete list of human rights be immediately included in the UN Charter, that wish could not be fulfilled for lack of time. Additionally, some leading countries had definite...
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