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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)

Christian Tomuschat

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 13 May 2021

Civil and political rights — Human rights remedies — Specific treaties — State succession, international agreements — Object & purpose (treaty interpretation and) — Treaties, reservations and declarations — Treaties, scope (temporal and territorial)

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 It is one of the purposes of the United Nations (UN) to ‘achieve international co-operation … in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion’ (Art. 1 (3); United Nations Charter). Although at the 1945 founding conference in San Francisco some Latin American countries had requested that a complete list of human rights be immediately included in the UN Charter, that wish could not be fulfilled for lack of time. Additionally, some leading countries had definite...
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