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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (1966)

Christian Tomuschat

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 November 2020

Subject(s):
Civil and political rights — Human rights remedies — Specific treaties — State succession, international agreements — Object & purpose (treaty interpretation and) — Treaties, reservations and declarations — Treaties, scope (temporal and territorial)

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 It is one of the purposes of the United Nations (UN) to ‘achieve international co-operation … in promoting and encouraging respect for human rights and for fundamental freedoms for all without distinction as to race, sex, language, or religion’ (Art. 1 (3); United Nations Charter). Although at the 1945 founding conference in San Francisco some Latin American countries had requested that a complete list of human rights be immediately included in the UN Charter, that wish could not be fulfilled for lack of time. Additionally, some leading countries had definite...
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