1 The right to a fair trial has, since the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (1948) (‘UDHR’), become established as one of the fundamental pillars of international law to protect individuals against arbitrary treatment (see also Denial of Justice). The provisions of international law are primarily aimed at ensuring that an individual is not wrongfully convicted and/or punished by the organs of a State. However, under international humanitarian law (Humanitarian Law, International) and international criminal law, persons other than representatives of a State...
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