1 The European Court of Human Rights (‘ECtHR’; ‘Court’) is an independent judicial body set up within the Council of Europe (COE) and established under the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (1950) (‘ECHR’; ‘Convention’). 2 There was much debate at the Congress of Europe (The Hague, 7–10 May 1948) concerning the creation of a Supreme Court with supra-State jurisdiction. Such a court would be responsible for assuring the implementation of a Charter of Human Rights, and citizens and groups would be given the right of...
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