1 Ethnic cleansing—notwithstanding a number of definitional ambiguities that will be explained further below—refers to various policies or practices aimed at the creation of an ethnically homogenous geographic area through the displacement of an ethnic group from that particular area. The origin of the term ethnic cleansing is not clearly established. The language resembles expressions used by the National Socialists in their ‘racial hygiene’ programmes (‘Säuberung’, ‘judenrein’). Between the end of World War II and the end of the Cold War (1947–91), the...
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