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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Association, Freedom of, International Protection

Ana Paula Barbosa-Fohrmann

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 15 August 2020

Freedom of association — Right to non-discrimination — International economic law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The freedom of association belongs to the so-called ‘first generation of human rights’ (Bobbio 258), which includes civil and political individual rights and is based on the value of liberty (Liberty, Right to, International Protection). Furthermore, it is one of the pillars of a democratic society, since democracy requires the interaction of stable and representative groups that allow different opinions to emerge. 2 An association can be defined as a collective entity—such as trade unions, employers’ associations, political parties, and religious...
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