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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Versailles Peace Treaty (1919)

Frank Schorkopf

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2020

Subject(s):
World War I to World War II — Treaties, interpretation — Treaties, application — Peace treaties — Disarmament — Belligerence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 From April 1918 it became clear to the representatives of Germany that the Empire faced an unavoidable military defeat. At the end of September the political and military leaders decided to address Woodrow Wilson, the president of the US, in order first to request an armistice and second to make peace. In a speech given to the US Congress on 8 January 1918 Wilson had formulated 14 points that had been developed into a peace programme in the following months (Fourteen Points of Wilson [1918]). Apart from some general points such as freedom of the seas,...
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