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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ)

Shabtai Rosenne

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 December 2019

International courts and tribunals, procedure — International organizations, practice and procedure

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 One of the features of the conduct of international affairs that came into prominence during the 19th century was the increasing use of arbitration by third parties applying international law as a means of settling international disputes. The high point of this was the Alabama Arbitration of 1881–82. That case, parallel to the growing efficacy and expense of military technology and the pressure of military budgets on the national economy of many States, led to a trend of pacifism which saw in international arbitration by an acceptable third party or by a...
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