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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) (previously known as the Organization of the Islamic Conference)

Said Mahmoudi

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2020

Regional co-operation — Security assistance — Regional organizations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1The Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (‘OIC’) (formerly the Organization of the Islamic Conference) is an international organization, but differs from other international organizations by basing its membership on a religious identity (International Organizations or Institutions, Membership). Its members are States predominantly from Asia and Africa. Its existence has been justified as a response to the need for solidarity between the Muslim populations of the Member States to achieve political and economic strength. 2When it comes to the origin of the OIC, it...
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