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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

MERCOSUR

Jan Peter Schmidt

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2020

Subject(s):
Regional co-operation — Competition — Specific trade agreements — Technical barriers to trade

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1MERCOSUR was launched in 1991 when Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay signed the Treaty of Asunción, aiming to create the Common Market of the South (in Spanish Mercado Común del Sur [‘MERCOSUR’], in Portuguese Mercado Comum do Sul [‘MERCOSUL’]). In 1994 MERCOSUR was institutionally restructured by the Protocol of Ouro Preto (‘POP’) and became a subject of international law (Subjects of International Law) (see also International Law, Regional Developments: Latin America; Regional Co-operation and Organization: American States). 2MERCOSUR took shape from the...
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