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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Organizations or Institutions, History of

Robert Kolb

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 21 May 2019

1815 to World War I — Since World War II — World War I to World War II — International administrative unions

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Sir Gerald G Fitzmaurice, as Rapporteur of the International Law Commission (ILC) , in 1956, defined an international organization (‘IO’) as ‘a collectivity of States established by treaty, with a constitution and common organs, having a personality distinct from that of its member-States, and being a subject of international law with treaty-making capacity’ ( ‘Report on the Law of Treaties’ [1956] vol II UNYBILC 108 ). These four constitutive elements of an IO are today generally accepted: (i) the formal basis of the organization is a treaty; (ii) its members...
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