International Labour Organization (ILO)
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 The idea that improvement of working conditions at the national level required international cooperation goes back to the 19th century (Labour Law, International). The process of industrialization had brought about miserable living conditions for the working class, such as child labour, excessively long hours of work, and unhealthy working conditions. This need for regulation led to a movement towards the enactment of labour laws, an idea in particular advanced by Robert Owen in England and Daniel Legrand in France. In 1890, the German Emperor, following...