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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

War Zones

Wolff Heintschel von Heinegg

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 July 2020

Armed conflict, international — Belligerence — Conduct of hostilities — Boundaries — Armed attack

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Belligerents have for a long time made use of a variety of zones (Belligerency). In land warfare all persons encountered within a designated area were declared hostile and, thus, liable to be attacked on sight. In air warfare ‘no-fly’ zones were enforced against all aircraft having entered the zone without prior authorization. In naval warfare belligerents established and enforced ‘war zones’, ‘danger zones’, ‘barred areas’, ‘total blockades’, ‘exclusion zones’, or ‘operational zones’. All these zones have in common the declaring belligerent’s claim of being...
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