1 The term and concept of ‘war crimes’ is not used uniformly. A wider approach defines war crimes as all acts constituting a violation of the laws or customs of war, irrespective of whether the conduct is criminal (Werle and Jessberger  391; US Army Military Manual, § 499, FM 27–10; JS Pictet, ed, Geneva Convention I  351). The present contribution is based on a definition of war crimes in stricto sensu: A war crime is any act, or omission, committed in an armed conflict that constitutes a serious violation of the laws and customs of international...
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