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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

War, Protection of News Media Workers

Hans-Peter Gasser

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 July 2020

Military matters — Armed forces — Armed conflict, international — Prisoners of war — War crimes — Conduct of hostilities — Media

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The 1899 and 1907 Hague Conventions Respecting the Laws and Customs of War on Land and their Annexes mention ‘newspaper correspondents and reporters’ for the first time in the history of international humanitarian law (or the law of armed conflict; see Humanitarian Law, International; Geneva Conventions I-IV [1949]), namely as ‘individuals who follow an army without directly belonging to it’. If captured, a war correspondent must be treated as a prisoner of war, provided the person is accredited by the armed forces being accompanied (Art. 13 Convention...
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