Use of Force, Prohibition of
- Use of force, prohibition — Armed attack — Peace treaties — Humanitarian intervention — Act of state
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 The prohibition of the threat or use of force constitutes one of the cornerstones of the modern international legal order. Besides being laid down explicitly in Art. 2 (4) UN Charter and referred to in many other treaties, it is today universally accepted as a norm of customary international law . Moreover, it is agreed by many to belong to the special category of international ius cogens , which gives expression to the fundamental importance of the prohibition, as well as to its general acceptance by the international community. In the terms of modern politics,...