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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Prize Law

James Kraska

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 September 2019

Subject(s):
Armed conflict, international — Armed forces — Ships / vessels — Warfare, sea — Ancient Times to 1648

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The English word ‘prize’ or French ‘ prise ’ is derived from the Latin verb ‘ prehendere ’, which means ‘to seize’. In modern usage the term ‘prize’ means a ship or property captured at sea under the laws of war. A prize is a legal capture at sea during wartime. The concept of prize law arose in customary international law in connection with the seizure at sea of enemy property in naval warfare , which may include ships and cargo at sea during times of international armed conflict. 2 Prize law is asserted in connection with belligerent rights during times of...
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