1 Before the United Nations Security Council (United Nations, Security Council) may impose measures of an economic or military nature under Arts 41 and 42 United Nations Charter (‘UN Charter’; United Nations Charter; Sanctions; Collective Security), as well as Art. 40 (though this is sometimes questioned), it must determine the existence of a ‘threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression’ (Peace, Breach of; Aggression) within the meaning of Art. 39 UN Charter. A determination under Art. 39 is therefore a threshold requirement for the adoption of...
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