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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Peace Treaties after World War I

Randall Lesaffer, Mieke van der Linden

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 02 December 2022

Peace treaties — Armed conflict — World War I to World War II — Conduct of hostilities — Prisoners of war — Belligerence

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Before the late 18th century, it was customary for multilateral peace conferences to result in a set of bilateral peace treaties. This started to change by the 18th century as peace conferences were increasingly concluded with a multilateral peace treaty. World War I, however, was not concluded with one comprehensive or ‘universal’ peace treaty, nor was it possible to settle the war at one single peace conference. The first explanation for this is that Russia, after the Bolshevik Revolution of November 1917, made a separate peace with the Central Powers...
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