- Peace keeping — Humanitarian intervention — Ius ad bellum — Disarmament — Theory of international law — 1815 to World War I — World War I to World War II — Since World War II
Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.
1 Pacifism is a concept that principally opposes all war. The word ‘pacifism’ derives from the Latin terms pax for peace and facere for doing, making, producing; thus, pacem facere to make peace. The creation of the term only dates back to the beginning of the 20th century (1901), when Émile Arnaud, then President of the ‘Ligue Internationale de la Paix et de la Liberté’ proposed the term pacifisme, which soon became accepted. Pacifism is, thus, a relatively new term, although the concept may be as old as humanity itself. 2 In pacifism, war is not considered as a...