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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Neutrality in Land Warfare

Peter Hostettler, Olivia Danai

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 23 July 2019

Subject(s):
Neutrality and non-alignment — Belligerence — Armed forces — Necessity — Armed conflict — Prisoners of war — Warfare, land — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Combatants

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Neutrality is the status of States which do not participate in an international armed conflict ( Neutrality, Concept and General Rules ; Armed Conflict, International ). The relations between neutral States and all other States, including those who are directly or indirectly involved in an international armed conflict, are in principle governed by the rules of international law applicable in peacetime, superseded by the rules and principles of the Charter of the United Nations and the law of neutrality. 2 For that reason, neutrality law may not contravene...
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