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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

International Military Tribunals

Johannes Fuchs, Flavia Lattanzi

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 09 August 2020

Armed conflict — Military matters — Conduct of hostilities — Prisoners of war — Extermination — Persecution — International crimes

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 In the wake of World War II, two International Military Tribunals were established to try officials—and, partly, organizations—of the defeated Axis Powers, Germany and Japan. The task of these tribunals was to determine individual responsibility for war crimes, crimes against peace, and crimes against humanity. The International Military Tribunal (‘IMT’) was held in Nuremberg, Germany between 20 November 1945 and 30 September 1946, whereas the International Military Tribunal for the Far East (‘IMTFE’) took place in Tokyo from 3 May 1946 to 16 April 1948 with the...
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