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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]


Emily Crawford

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 22 September 2021

Armed conflict, non-international — Insurgents and insurrection — Belligerence — Geneva Conventions 1949

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Insurgency is an uprising or rebellion by an organized group against their government or governing authority. Frequently, other terms are used to describe situations of insurgency, including uprising, rebellion, and insurrection. Essentially, these are all forms of non-international armed conflict (Armed Conflict, Non-International); however, authorities are frequently reluctant to accept that an insurgency has risen to the level of armed conflict, and will choose instead to downplay the conflict by referring to it as an internal disturbance. A contemporary...
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