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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Enemy Property

Hans-Georg Dederer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 August 2022

Geneva Conventions 1949 — Occupation — Belligerence — Weapons — Armed conflict — Reprisals — Necessity — Military assistance

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 International law does not specifically define the term ‘enemy property’ nor the separate terms ‘enemy’ and ‘property’. The term ‘enemy’ (Enemies and Enemy Subjects) relates to armed conflicts (Armed Conflict, International; Armed Conflict, Non-International). During an armed conflict, the term ‘enemy’ signifies the adversarial party. In conformity with its usage in instruments of international humanitarian law (Humanitarian Law, International), eg in conventions, declarations, or manuals, the term ‘enemy’ typically applies to international armed conflicts only....
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