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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Civilian Objects

Dominik Steiger

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 29 May 2020

Subject(s):
Use of force, war, peace and neutrality — Armed conflict, non-international

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Civilian objects are defined ex negativo as not being military objectives. A civilian object is thus an object that either makes no effective contribution to military action, depending on its nature, location, purpose or use, or whose total or partial destruction, capture or neutralization offers no definite military advantage in the circumstances ruling at the time, Art. 52 (2) Geneva Conventions Additional Protocol I (1977).2 Civilian objects shall not be directly attacked (Art. 52 (1) Additional Protocol I). The prohibition emanates from the principle of...
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