1 The Caroline incident had its origins in a rebellion against British rule in Canada in 1837. A group of insurgents and their American supporters occupied Navy Island, a British possession on the river boundary between Canada and the United States. They used the steamer Caroline to transport men and munitions to the island, from which they planned to attack the Canadian mainland. While there was no suggestion that the United States government approved of this conduct, it lacked sufficient forces in the area to prevent it. On 29 December 1837, British forces...
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