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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Armed Conflict, Non-International

Thilo Marauhn, Zacharie F Ntoubandi

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 30 March 2020

Subject(s):
Armed conflict, non-international — Belligerence — Occupation — Weapons — Prisoners of war — Conduct of hostilities

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1The distinction between international and non-international armed conflict is firmly rooted in today’s law of armed conflict (Humanitarian Law, International). States have adhered to this distinction because they consider their relationship with non-State actors as being different from inter-State relationships. Above all, States do not want to legitimise rebels, terrorists (Terrorism), or other armed groups. Historically, the law of armed conflict only applied to sovereign States (Sovereignty) fighting each other; non-international conflicts were subject to the...
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