1France’s territories in India consisted of five main settlements, sometimes referred to as ‘établissements’ or ‘comptoirs’ (Pondicherry, Karikal, Yanaon, Chandernagore and Mahé); a number of ‘loges’ (parcels of land that were the sites of French factories or trading posts); and the four small, uninhabited Iskitippah Islands, which had formed by accretion in the 19th century in the boundary river between Yanaon and the Madras Presidency. 2The territories passed from French to Indian control in a series of events between 1947 and 1954. The events in question have...
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