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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Autonomous Weapon Systems

Markus Wagner

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 May 2019

Human rights — Command responsibility — Individual criminal responsibility — Proportionality — Targeted killing — Weapons control — Ius ad bellum

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Autonomous Weapon Systems (‘AWS’), sometimes referred to as Lethal Autonomous Robots (‘LAR’) , Lethal Autonomous Weapon Systems (‘LAWS’) , or ‘killer robots’, are unmanned weapon systems (‘UMS’) that do not depend on human input immediately prior to or during their use. This includes two corollary elements: AWS are not specifically programmed to engage an individual object or person and have discretionary decision-making capabilities. 2 For conceptual purposes UMS can be classified into three different categories that exist on a spectrum spanning from systems...
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