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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Unmanned Aerial Vehicles

Markus Wagner

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 29 June 2022

Subject(s):
Airspace — Warfare, air — Targeted killing

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 An unmanned aerial vehicle (‘UAV’) is an aircraft without a human operator on board and is commonly referred to as a ‘drone’, but also as a remotely piloted vehicle (‘RPV’), remotely piloted aircraft (‘RPA’), remotely operated aircraft (‘ROA’) or, in the case of UAVs with specific combat roles, as an unmanned aerial combat vehicle (‘UACV’) (see also Air Warfare). In contradistinction to conventional aircraft, UAVs are controlled either remotely by human operators or are guided by a computer program with various levels of automation and autonomy. Among UAVs,...
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