1 An unmanned aerial vehicle (‘UAV’) is an aircraft without a human operator on board and is commonly referred to as a ‘drone’, but also as a remotely piloted vehicle (‘RPV’), remotely piloted aircraft (‘RPA’), remotely operated aircraft (‘ROA’) or, in the case of UAVs with specific combat roles, as an unmanned aerial combat vehicle (‘UACV’) (see also Air Warfare). In contradistinction to conventional aircraft, UAVs are controlled either remotely by human operators or are guided by a computer program with various levels of automation and autonomy. Among UAVs,...
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