1 South Ossetia (called ‘Tskhinvali region’ or ‘Samachablo’ by Georgia) is a territory of 3900 square kilometres located within the Caucasus. Its status in international law is controversial. Whereas South Ossetia considers itself to be an independent State since its declaration of independence on 29 May 1992 and has been recognized by five Member States of the United Nations (UN) in the aftermath of the military conflict between Russia and Georgia in 2008 (Russian Federation, Nicaragua, Venezuela, Nauru, and Tuvalu), the Georgian government as well as the...
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