1 The term ‘marine protected area’ (‘MPA’) is generally used to describe a marine region located in a coastal State’s maritime zone or on the high seas that has a special protective status because of its ecological, biological, scientific, or historical importance. Despite common usage of this term in international documents, there is no universally accepted legal definition. The International Union for the Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources, for instance, defines a MPA as:Any area of intertidal or subtidal terrain, together with its overlying waters and...
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