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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (2000)

Stefan Kadelbach

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 24 January 2021

Right to life — Torture — Freedom from slavery or forced labour — Right to liberty and security of person — Right to family — Children, rights — Right to property

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Since there was, for a long time, no human rights catalogue in the founding treaties of the European Union (‘EU’; European Union, Historical Evolution) and the European Community (‘EC’; European [Economic] Community), the creation of fundamental rights of the EU’s legal order was initially an achievement of the case law of the European Court of Justice (‘ECJ’) (European Union, Court of Justice and General Court). Fundamental rights, at the beginning, were basically a judicial concept to balance out the consequences of the supremacy of EC law. In the van Gend &...
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