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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Assembly, Freedom of, International Protection

Norman Weiß

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 03 December 2020

Right to vote and to be elected — Right to peaceful assembly — Freedom of expression — Race — Religion — Right to property

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 Both history and daily news tell us that freedom of assembly has always been at risk. Authoritarian States of each ideological kind are paranoid about assemblies of their subjects. This was the case in the 19th century for many European States but is also true for the former communist States (German Democratic Republic 1957, Prague 1968), for China (Beijing 1989) and for today’s Russia (Moscow 2007), Egypt (Cairo 2011) or Iran, to name just a few. Without demonstrations staged against them, such governments tend to claim that they have the unanimous support of...
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