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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Humanitarian Assistance, Access in Armed Conflict and Occupation

Heike Spieker

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 July 2020

Belligerence — Occupation — Geneva Conventions 1949 — Prisoners of war — Armed conflict — Necessity — Military assistance — Humanitarian intervention

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The term ‘humanitarian assistance’ is today understood as the most prominent activity within the broader concept of ‘humanitarian action’, the latter ranging from short-term relief to rehabilitation and reconstruction activities, and further to development cooperation, often even encompassing measures of disaster preparedness, prevention, and risk reduction. Humanitarian assistance activities in the narrower sense are referred to under a number of differing terms such as humanitarian aid, humanitarian relief, relief assistance, relief action, and often address...
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