1 Unilateralism and multilateralism provide different answers to the question how States can or should address international issues. Unilateralism refers to an individualistic approach to foreign affairs. States do or should, depending on whether the concept is used as a basis of empirical or normative analysis, pursue their international aims individually, apart from other States. Unilateralist policies may involve both decisions of a State to act on its own (for instance an armed intervention) and decisions not to act (for instance a decision not to join a...
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