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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Gacaca Courts

Gerd Hankel

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 26 October 2021

Subject(s):
International criminal law — Torture — Settlement of disputes — International criminal courts and tribunals, composition

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 ‘Gacaca’ is derived from a word in Kinyarwanda, Rwanda’s official national language, and refers to a traditional mechanism for resolving local disputes that has been revived and adapted to ascertain what occurred during the Rwandan genocide and bring its perpetrators to justice (Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Situations). The Gacaca courts represent a third jurisdiction—the others are the Rwandan State criminal courts, the competent courts of other States that apply the principle of universal jurisdiction, and the UN-mandated International Criminal...
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