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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Gacaca Courts

Gerd Hankel

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 12 July 2020

International criminal law — Torture — Settlement of disputes — International criminal courts and tribunals, composition

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 ‘Gacaca’ is derived from a word in Kinyarwanda, Rwanda’s official national language, and refers to a traditional mechanism for resolving local disputes that has been revived and adapted to ascertain what occurred during the Rwandan genocide and bring its perpetrators to justice (Transitional Justice in Post-Conflict Situations). The Gacaca courts represent a third jurisdiction—the others are the Rwandan State criminal courts, the competent courts of other States that apply the principle of universal jurisdiction, and the UN-mandated International Criminal...
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