1 Originating in a series of recommendations by the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) starting in the 1970s, the ‘polluter pays’ principle is essentially an economic policy for allocating the costs of pollution or environmental damage borne by public authorities (for more details on the topic of this article see Birnie and Boyle Chapter 3). Although not initially conceived as such, it also has implications for the development of international and national law on liability for damage (Liability for Environmental Damage). As defined by...
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