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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Migratory Species, International Protection

Alexander Proelss

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 25 September 2021

Subject(s):
Sustainable development — Natural resources — Endangered species — Climate change — Fisheries — Marine living resources — High seas — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea)

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The term migratory species does not refer to a specific class, order, or family of animals in the biological sense. Rather, it describes animals that display migratory behaviour. Of the world’s more than 1.5 million known animal species, an estimated 8,000–10,000 are migratory species, meaning that they regularly perform cyclic movements between two distinct geographical areas, one of which is usually the area in which they breed. The Arctic tern is an illustrative and record-breaking example: it migrates from its breeding grounds in the Arctic region to the...
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