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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Lighthouses and Lightships

Roberto Virzo, Mario Gervasi

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 18 April 2021

Islands and artificial islands

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 Lighthouses, lightships, and other maritime signals—such as lamps, beacons, and buoys—are a reference point for the routes of ships and boats, indicating the presence of specific dangers or stretches of sea that are particularly difficult to cross. Therefore, they fall within the scope of aids to navigation. 2 Lighthouses comprise a powerful light on top of a tower, pylon or other structure and are generally found on promontories, rocks or artificial islands and installations (Artificial Islands, Installations and Structures). In any event, they must be...
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