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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Environmental Impact Assessment

Astrid Epiney

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2015. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2020

Individuals and non-state actors — Pollution — Precautionary principle — Sustainable development — Natural resources — Marine environment, protection — Access to information — Access to justice — Customary international law — Soft law — State practice

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Foundation for International Peace and the Rule of Law under the direction of Rüdiger Wolfrum.

1 The point of departure of environmental impact assessment (‘EIA’) is the idea that the impact of (potentially) environmentally harmful projects should be analysed before the authorization of the project is granted, in order to be able to take a decision in view of all impacts of a project. In this sense, EIA is also a direct consequence of the precautionary principle (Precautionary Approach/Principle): in order to prevent environmental harm, it is necessary to understand the environmental impacts of a project as early as possible. Furthermore, it is linked to...
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