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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Conservation of Natural Resources

Ulrich Beyerlin†, Vanessa Holzer

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 04 December 2021

Subject(s):
Indigenous peoples — Freshwater — Sustainable development — Regional co-operation — Developing countries — Natural resources — Biodiversity

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 From the perspective of terminology, the notion of ‘natural resources’ is narrower than that of ‘nature’, but broader than that of ‘biological diversity’ (Nature, International Protection; Biological Diversity, International Protection; Environment, International Protection). The latter, as defined in Art. 2 (1) 1992 UN Convention on Biological Diversity (‘CBD’), means the ‘variability among living organisms from all sources including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part …’. The...
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