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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Common but Differentiated Responsibilities

Ellen Hey

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2021. All Rights Reserved.date: 27 January 2021

Natural resources — Marine environment, protection — Sustainable development — Continental shelf — Fisheries — High seas — UNCLOS (UN Convention on the Law of the Sea) — Global administrative law — Soft law — General principles of international law

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 The concept of common but differentiated responsibilities in international environmental law entails that while pursuing a common goal (see also Conservation of Natural Resources), States take on different obligations, depending on their socio-economic situation and their historical contribution to the environmental problem at stake. In particular since the 1990s, the concept has become prominent in international environmental law (see also Environment, International Protection). However, differentiating on the basis of the socio-economic situation of States is...
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