1 Editor’s Note: This entry was originally written in February of 2007 by the late Sir Arthur Watts, QC (1931–2007). In order to expand the entry to cover relevant developments that had occurred since the entry was originally written, the updated version of the entry now published on this page (at the same web address (URL) as the original entry) was written by Remy Jorritsma in June of 2019. The original text has been left almost entirely unchanged except for changes in paragraph numbering, the addition of new section G, and amendments to the Select Bibliography...
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