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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Subjects of International Law

Christian Walter

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 14 August 2022

Territory, non-self-governing — Sovereignty — State practice — Codification — National liberation movements — Indigenous peoples — Corporations — NGOs (Non-Governmental Organizations) — Responsibility of international organizations

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 According to the traditional understanding of international law only some of the various actors on the international scene are subjects of international law and thus possess international legal personality. International law replaced the medieval order of Europe by creating legal relations between entities claiming to be sovereign (Sovereignty), equal and independent (Territorial Integrity and Political Independence; see also History of International Law, Ancient Times to 1648). In fact, the international legal personality of these entities was a necessary...
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