1 The margin of appreciation introduces a degree of flexibility into the operation of the law. It is woven into the fabric of international society. (International Community) Decentralization in the elaboration and application of norms calls for a certain deference towards the principal actors of society, the Nation-States (State; see also Non-State Actors; Subjects of International Law). As the Permanent Court of International Justice (PCIJ) stated in The Lotus Case (Lotus, The), international law leaves States ‘a wide measure of discretion which is only limited...
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