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Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law [MPEPIL]

Confederations of States

Fred L Morrison

From: Oxford Public International Law (http://opil.ouplaw.com). (c) Oxford University Press, 2022. All Rights Reserved.date: 16 August 2022

Sovereignty — Secession — Recognition of states — Regional co-operation

Published under the auspices of the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law under the direction of Professor Anne Peters (2021–) and Professor Rüdiger Wolfrum (2004–2020). 

1 A confederation is a governmental entity created by independent sovereign State[s] that join together to perform some governmental functions under common authority (Sovereignty; Territorial Integrity and Political Independence). A confederation is a stronger form of association than an alliance (Alliances), but is weaker than a federation. The individual member units retain their status as sovereign States, and are separately recognized as members of the international community. This distinguishes a confederation from a federation in which the constituent States...
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