1 Svalbard is the name of an Arctic archipelago (see also Archipelagic Waters) lying in the Barents Sea, midway between Norway and the North Pole, between 74°N and 81°N and 10°E and 35°E. Its land mass is 62,400 km2, roughly the size of Belgium and the Netherlands combined, including the islands Spitsbergen, North-East Land, Barents Island, Edge Island and Bear Island and rocks appertaining thereto. While Spitsbergen (or Spitzbergen) is the older English (and Dutch) name of the archipelago and the name used in the 1920 Treaty concerning the Archipelago of...
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